The herpes simplex virus is a contagious virus that can be transmitted from person to person through direct contact. Children will often contract HSV-1 from early contact with an infected adult. They then carry the virus with them for the rest of their lives.
There is currently no cure for this virus. Treatment focuses on getting rid of sores and limiting outbreaks.
It’s possible that your sores will go away without treatment. However, your doctor may determine you need one or more medications that can help people infected with the virus and reduce the risk of transmitting it to others. The medications also help to lower the intensity and frequency of outbreaks.
These medications may come in oral (pill) form or may be applied as a cream. For severe outbreaks, these medications may also be administered by injection.